Durbin, Dem Senators Press Devos To Provide Automatic Closed School Discharges To Former ITT Tech Students

Senators Also Call Out DeVos On Cruel Borrower Defense Delays For Defrauded ITT Students

WASHINGTON – U.S. Senator Dick Durbin (D-IL), along with Senators Elizabeth Warren (D-MA), Richard Blumenthal (D-CT), and Sherrod Brown (D-OH), today sent a letter to Secretary of Education Betsy DeVos calling for automatic closed school discharges for former ITT Tech (ITT) student borrowers.  The 2016 borrower defense rule—which is still in effect despite DeVos’ recently released revised rule eliminating protections for students—provides automatic closed school discharges for borrowers who have not enrolled in another Title IV program of study within three years of their school’s closure.  Yesterday marked three years since the closure of ITT.  DeVos’ new rule would eliminate automatic closed school discharge for borrowers whose schools close after July 1, 2020.

“As of yesterday, even former ITT students who have not applied for closed school discharge, but are eligible, must have their loans fully discharged,” the Senators wrote.

Last year, after a federal judge recognized a $1.5 billion claim by students in the bankruptcy proceedings based on the company’s violations of consumer protection laws, the Senators pressed DeVos to provide student loan discharges the students were entitled to.  The settlement also forgave $600 million in private student loan debt owed to ITT and refunded $3 million in student payments previously made to the company.  DeVos has failed to process borrower defense discharges for tens of thousands of defrauded borrowers—including thousands of former ITT students.  

In 2016, ITT collapsed after years of misconduct and misleading students, shuttering 130 campuses and declaring bankruptcy.  Its failure affected nearly 45,000 students, including more than 6,000 veterans – saddling them with high levels of student debt and little hope for repaying it.  

Full text of the letter is available here and below:


September 4, 2019

Dear Secretary DeVos:

We are writing about federal student debt relief for former ITT Tech (ITT) students, including automatic closed school discharges. 

The collapse of predatory for-profit ITT Tech affected nearly 45,000 students, including more than 6,000 veterans—leaving many with massive debt and no avenue to complete their studies.  According to the Department, the vast majority of ITT campuses closed on September 3, 2016—three years ago, yesterday. 

In March 2017, you indicated to the federal court overseeing ITT’s Chapter 7 bankruptcy proceedings that ITT’s failure meant that over $460 million in federal student loans were eligible for cancellation under the Higher Education Act’s closed-school discharge provisions.   The 2016 borrower defense regulations require you to automatically grant closed school discharges, without any application, for borrowers who attended a school—such as ITT—that closed on or after November 1, 2013, “if the borrower did not subsequently re-enroll in any title IV-eligible institution within a period of three years from the date the school closed.” ,  

As of yesterday, even former ITT students who have not applied for closed school discharge, but are eligible, must have their loans fully discharged.  In its June 24, 2019 response to a previous letter on ITT relief, the Department stated that, “In September 2019, we will award automatic closed school loan discharges to eligible students.”   Please provide an update on the Department’s fulfillment of this commitment and its legal responsibility—including when discharges will be processed and the number and dollar amount of discharges provided.

We also urge you to use your authority, provided under “exceptional circumstances,” to expand the pool of former ITT students eligible for this form of discharge.    The Department took similar steps for former students of Corinthian Colleges.   ITT was under increased regulatory scrutiny by the Department for its financial condition since at least August 2014.  In December 2015, it entered into an agreement with the Department that allowed it to continue to receive Title IV funds in exchange for providing $94 million to insure against potential losses in the event of its failure.  ITT’s accreditor issued a show-cause directive on April 20, 2016. 

Under these conditions, ITT’s focus was on saving itself and maintaining value for shareholders and executives, and not on providing education to students or ensuring compliance with state and federal laws designed to protect students.  Therefore, students who withdrew more than 120 days prior to September 3, 2016, could have reasonably believed their school to be a sinking ship.  The Department should not penalize these students for taking the reasonable step of abandoning a sinking ship.  

Finally, we remain concerned about your continued failure to process borrower defense claims, including those from former ITT students.  As of December 31, 2018, more than 19,000 former ITT students had submitted borrower defense applications, and less than one percent had received any determination.   These numbers have surely grown in the intervening nine months.  There is no indication that you have taken any action on these applications despite our previous requests.

In your June 24 response, you also falsely claimed that “ongoing litigation has affected the Department’s ability to…finalize the processing of” ITT borrower defense applications.  In fact, there is no judicial, regulatory, or statutory barrier to the Department processing and providing full borrower defense discharges to defrauded ITT borrowers.  The preliminary injunction that the Department referenced in its response expressly states that “[n]othing in this Order prohibits the Secretary from fully discharging the loans of any borrower….”   We, again, urge you to end the cruel delays and provide the federal student loan discharges to which defrauded ITT borrowers are entitled under the law.  

We ask for a response no later than September 18, 2019.  Thank you.